Pablo Ruiz y Picasso , popularly known as Pablo Picasso.
Born on 25 October 1881 , in the city of Malaga, Spain. He showed a passion and skill for drawing from an early age.
Picasso was an unparalleled Spanish painter , sculpture artist , ceramist , poet and playwright.
His father Jose Ruiz Blaso was a professes of art at the School of Crafts for most of his life. Picasso received formal training in oil painting and figure drawing from his father.
Died on 8 April 1973 , in Mougins , France.
While Picasso is designated as one of the most influential artist of his time, he is also one of the most recognized figures of the 20th century, all because of the work he created during his time.
His career lasted for a period of 78 years, in which he created: 13,500 paintings, 100,000 prints and engravings, and 34,000 illustrations which were used in books.
Styles Used by Pablo Picasso
Picasso used different styles of painting throughout his career. In 1901 he moved to Paris which he thought was an ideal place to practice new styles. It was during this period, he invented new style known as cubism. He did work from the blue period to the rose period,
Period between 1901 and 1904 is known as Blue period of Pablo Picasso as he worked over monochromatic paintings, shades of blue and greenish blue were prominent.
Period between 1904 to 1906 is known as Rose Period of Pablo Picasso It was the time when Picasso’s painting used cheerful orange and pink colors in contrast to the cool, dark and dull tones of the Blue Period.
During the African-influenced period, Picasso made his first masterpiece, Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, which was inspired by African artifacts. Modifications to his styles led to the period of Cubism.
Cubism was the most influential art style of the earlier 20th century. It was created by Picasso and a french artist, Georges Braque in Paris between 1907 and 1914.
The Cubist painters rejected the inherited concepts that art should copy nature, or that they should adopt the traditional techniques of perspective and modelling. So they reduced objects into geometric forms and realigned them within a shallow space.
With time cubism moved from analytic to synthetic, in which they adopted a new technique of pasting colored or printed paper on their composition, which can be seen in his paintings. Giving rise to the concept of collage.
Pablo Picasso’s Masterpieces
Les Demoiselles d’Avignon
Type : Oil on canvas
Dimensions : 243.9 cm × 233.7 cm ( 96 in × 92 in )
Location : Museum of Modern Art , New York
Year : 1907
(The Young Ladies of Avignon, and originally titled The Brothel of Avignon) ,depicting five naked female prostitutes from a brothel in Barcelona, and is the most famous example of cubism in his paintings. He used distortion of female’s body and geometric forms, challenging the idealized representation of female beauty. When the painting was first exhibited in 1916, it was regarded as immoral, and was widely criticized. Les Demoiselles was both revolutionary and controversial, and led to wide disagreement even among his closest associates and friends. But with time, it was regarded as one of the best works of Picasso and marked the onset of Modern Art.
Type : Oil on canvas
Dimensions : 349cm × 776 cm ( 137.4 in × 305.5 in )
Location : Museo Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain
Year : 1937
Guernica is a very large oil painting on canvas by Pablo Picasso completed by June 1937. This painting is known as one of the most moving and powerful anti-war painting in history. It depicts violence and chaos through wrenched buildings and suffering of people and animals. The painting is believed to be a response to the bombing of Guernica, a village in northern Spain, by German and Italian warplanes. As the painting was displayed around the world, it became famous and well acclaimed and helped to bring world’s attention towards the Spanish Civil War.
After World War II he joined the Communist Party and devoted his time to sculpture, ceramics, and lithography as well as painting. In his late years he created variations on the works of earlier artists, the most famous being a series of 58 pictures based on Las Meninas painting of DIEGO VELAZQUEZ. For nearly 80 of his 91 years Picasso devoted himself to an artistic production that contributed significantly to and paralleled the whole development of modern art in the 20th century.