What is the conflict between science and religion?
The major cause of conflict is the reality. Reality behind our existence. We are living in ocean of illusions and traps which gives birth to fake reality we live in. We ignore the essence of life due to lack of spritual awareness. The knowledge have been supressed and manipulated to unimaginable extent. The knowledge of our existence.
Religions (dealing with natural and supernatural) collectively contains much knowledge about life, consciousness, universe, eternity and spirituality than Science (dealing only with natural) but the only problem is that we rely more on science . Logic governs science and logically no theory of religion can be scientifically tested or observed thus, no recordable laws can be derived until it gets logically approved by the science.
As logic governs science and religion by faith, they will always go opposite to each other. But before accepting the truth let us see how science is dealing with the knowledge of the universe. We need to know the view of science about the supernatural.
Scientific Logic vs Religious Faith
Science is a logical solution to the mysteries of the nature relying on scientific methods. If science can decode the mystery by any scientific technique and record it empirically then it becomes the law of nature or natural in science and we accept it smartly but if it fails then the fact is simply ignored dogmatically and considered supernatural phenomenon. Ignorance is bliss sometimes when there is no evidence. Ignorance is stupidity if there are pretty much evidence available just asking for a bit of a mind.
As a human beings, we do not test everything logically. Sometimes our feelings are so strong that we keep logic aside. Our beliefs shape our life. Logic sometimes never works in practical life. For some people, things turn out like a miracle and that’s because of their belief. Every successful person had a belief that someday they will get what they want and it happened with every one of them.
Many times we get in tough situations in life which makes us hopeless, depressed and we break inside. The only hope remains just GOD. I bet there is no one in the world who not even once believed in God in any situation. We are taught to have faith in God and to believe in yourself by successful people including many great scientists, who quoted in many texts to show us the right path but we never feel the importance of understanding it. We believe only what we see therefore it gets hard to prove what can’t be seen without feeling it. You must be knowing that science taught us that Everything came from Nothing (The Big Bang); the discovery of Higgs Boson proves that something is running the show of the universe, which can’t be seen. Look anywhere; there are only two things visible, nature itself and what we extracted from this nature. Bricks to skyscrapers, roads to aeroplanes, plastic to metal objects, everything, is created using the matter of nature and these products were the outcome of extraordinary thoughts of the human beings (the biological bodies) who believed in their ideas and revolutionised the world by their inventions. The thought/idea/belief are non-visible like the magnetic field of a magnet, Big Bang’s nothing which gave birth to everything). Belief has much more power than what we think.
Science is not complementary to atheists. They never bothered to understand the philosophy of science. Well, not even some scientists.
History of Science
Science in its original sense is a word for a type of knowledge, rather than a specialised term for the pursuit of such knowledge.
Ancients studied nature and used the knowledge in more efficient ways. Knowledge about the working of natural things was gathered long before recorded history. They used the knowledge in the construction of complex calendars, techniques for making poisonous plants edible, and buildings such as the pyramids. What science now knows is a bit of what was already known and used in ancient times. We will be discussing ancient knowledge later on.
The term natural philosophy preceded our current natural science (i.e. empirical science). Empirical science historically developed out of natural philosophy. Natural philosophy narrowly defined those who studied nature.
Aristotle (384-322 BC) was a Greek philosopher and the very first known Scientist in ancient times. His writings include the study of metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, music, linguistics, political and government, theatre, poetry, cognition and behaviour. He gave major contributions to the Natural philosophy by explaining the concept of Optics, Motion, Logic, Fifth element (Aether), Chance and spontaneity, the theory of sleep and dreams and major medical advancement.
There were not much scientific methods and apparatus available at that time. Therefore, the quantitative analysis of methods was nearly impossible. It was before that many of the laws and study of nature were based on the qualitative theories. However, he succeeded to lay the foundation of science without much available aids and apparatus.
Later on, in the 19th century when the concept of “science” received its modern shape scientists argued to consider only those theories as part of science which are quantitative (according to the scientific method and empirically recordable) and followed by logic. If it does not satisfy logic then it’s simply ignored and science says nothing about it. Its considered beyond the scope of science by scientists.
Inside Science: Natural vs Supernatural
Supernatural can be considered as unextracted or unknown laws of nature. Whereas, natural have extracted scientific law. Supernatural gave birth to nature. Science says big bang happened and everything (natural in science, the material in religion) came from nothing (supernatural in science and God, Energy or Non-material in religion).
Here, the biggest theory of science seems too illogical. How can everything come from nothing ?.. but that’s how it is. Science still doesn’t know the answer. REALITY DOESN’T FOLLOW LOGIC.
As supernatural gave birth to nature and sustains it, if any supernatural phenomenon is inspected logically will make science unstable as science was formed as the study of nature only. According to scientists, If science will try to go behind supernatural it will come to its dead end as supernatural energy is something which can not be measured empirically, it can’t be touched, seen or experimented it does not go with logic.
Basics of scientific method
Working scientists usually take for granted a set of basic assumptions that are needed to justify the scientific method-
(1) that there is an objective reality shared by all rational observers;
(2) that this objective reality is governed by natural laws;
(3) that these laws can be discovered by means of systematic observation and experimentation.
It clearly explains that science should only work to explain natural laws which are observable and experimentally logical it has nothing to do with the other side of nature that is supernatural (god).
Methodological naturalism is the idea that all scientific endeavours, hypotheses, and events are to be explained and tested by reference to natural causes and events. It is a distinct system of thought concerned with a cognitive approach to reality and is thus a philosophy of knowledge.
Some scientist believes that if they can know the mysteries of supernatural they can answer many unanswered questions of Science, Universe, Birth and Death, etc. which will bring further advancement in medical, engineering and other branches of science.
When science pushed its limits?
The laws of science deal with the material world but to solve the mystery of origin and understand how matter comes from nothing. It expanded its field by the introduction of quantum physics which deals with the study of elementary particles which makes up the matter.
What physicists found was that the subatomic particles do not have any texture, smell, taste and mass but when an atom forms it acquires certain properties and science have no clue from where do these properties comes from.
What classical physics consider real becomes fake under quantum physics. The only reality is the propertyless particles (only charge and spin) which make up this false reality of texture, smell and taste.
Another interesting discovery was that each of these atoms have the similar structure to that of the vast universe. The same intelligent design followed by both atoms and vast universe.
Physicists discovered that Atoms have almost 99.999999999% empty space. How can these spacious atoms form a solid object?
The matter of the universe makes up nature. Matter which came from nothing. According to religion, this nothing is believed to be ever-existing omnipresent supernatural energy (GOD) which gave birth to nature. According to Science, it doesn’t have the clue.
Unexplained phenomenon occurring are result of the existence and unknown behaviour of this supernatural energy including (life, birth, death, psychokinesis, enthalpy, superhuman abilities, etc.)
Now, you must have realised that Science may not be wrong but it is incomplete knowledge of the world. Both, spirituality and science, are metaphors. A metaphor is defined as “an indirect comparison between two or more seemingly unrelated subjects”
If science doesn’t have the answer to the existence of supernatural, therefore it has no option than to accept the existence of supernatural according to religious beliefs.
We know nature is the mother of science. science emerged as a logical solution to the mysteries of nature. Yet it is unable to explain the certain supernatural phenomenon like (life, birth and death, antigravity, free energy, etc.).
But if science records the laws of the material world why we are asking for it to answer about the existence of which it is not dealing with? Why we want science to explain what it is not capable of? If it accepts the occurrence of supernatural phenomenon why it can’t accept its existence? Are we relying too much on science and foolishly ignoring what’s beyond the scope of science?
Quotes concerning reality ~
“I believe that a full understanding of this remarkable human capacity for scientific discovery ultimately requires the insight that our power in this respect is the gift of the universe’s Creator who, in that ancient and powerful phrase, has made humanity in the image of God (Genesis I: 26-27). Through the exercise of this gift, those working in fundamental physics are able to discern a world of deep and beautiful order–a universe shot thorough with signs of mind. I believe that it is indeed the Mind of that world’s Creator that is perceived in this way. Science is possible because the universe is a divine creation.”
~John Polkinghorne, as quoted in his book Quantum Physics and Theology: An Unexpected Kinship.
“To know the mighty works of God, to comprehend His wisdom and majesty and power; to appreciate, in degree, the wonderful workings of His laws, surely all this must be a pleasing and acceptable mode of worship to the Most High, to whom ignorance cannot be more grateful than knowledge.”
~Nicolaus Copernicus, mathematician and astronomer (1473-1543) who formulated a heliocentric model of the universe.
“The more I study nature, the more I stand amazed at the work of the Creator. Science brings men nearer to God.”
~Louis Pasteur, the founder of microbiology and immunology.