Can you draw a perfect rectangle which is most pleasing to eyes ? If yes, what proportions will you take?
The question is reasonable and most of you will make a guess according to your taste of aesthetics. There can be many ratios of length and width which can make up the most beautiful and perfect rectangle but there is one ratio can make up the most perfect rectangle that suits the taste of everyone. This unique ratio of beauty is known as the golden ratio.
1.618 is The Golden Ratio
If you don’t know anything about the golden ratio or interested in knowing more about the golden ratio’s reality then this blog will surely help you. I will try to make this article as easy as possible. So, first let us see why golden ratio is associated with spirituality.
Golden Ratio and Spirituality
The fact this ratio is found almost everywhere in nature, somewhere in easy way and somewhere in very complex way. The Golden ratio is like the secret recipe and design DNA of the nature. Adhering to science we believe that everything is part of nature and this nature follows a fundamental and universal design law of golden ratio.
All religions talk about the universe and its creation. Most of them talk about the unity and oneness with the universe but there is no solid way to confirm this theory. Fortunately, in the past few years scientists have dived deep into the reality of universe and consciousness, found patterns and relation between different forces and concluded that our nature is too intelligent for human mind to comprehend.
They found that the design, working of the nature and the way everything is coming into existence is under a complex pattern. Some of this complexity was somehow known by the ancients. They used this natural knowledge to create heavy forts, palaces and temples. This knowledge was the at the core of the many religions but lost due to unknown reasons. Now this study is re-documented as the study of sacred geometry (golden ratio is the part of sacred geometry).
What is the golden ratio?
In the figure, you can see that line B is 1.618 times of line A . So, we can say that the proportions of these lines are in the golden ratio.
Golden Ratio and the Golden Rectangle
Throughout history, the ratio which was considered most pleasing to eyes was the golden ratio. Any object which is designed according to golden ratio gets the extra essence of beauty. Due to its aesthetic appeal, it was used by many great artists, architects and designers of past to create the most remarkable and astounding works of art and architecture.
It exists everywhere around us, in buildings and temples, trees and clouds, cells and DNA, drops and ripples, even in our body. Artists and architects who are aware of the knowledge still use this knowledge of nature to create extraordinary stuff but never reveal the secrets to general people.
The Golden ratio is the proportion that deals with the sort of mathematics of nature. In the world of mathematics, the golden ratio is called “phi”, named by the Greek sculptor Phidias, the architect of Parthenon.
Golden ratio names
This 1.618 was named ‘the golden ratio’ by the Greeks. The figure is also known by many different names like golden proportion, divine proportion, golden mean, golden section, golden number or Fibonacci number.
This number has been discovered and rediscovered many times it was easy to discover pattern as it exists almost everywhere, that’s why it is known by so many names.
It wasn’t until the 1900’s that American mathematician Mark Barr used the Greek letter phi (Φ) to designate this proportion. By this time this ubiquitous proportion was known as the golden mean, golden section, golden ratio as well as The divine proportion.
Golden ratio definition
“A straight line is said to have been cut in extreme and mean ratio when, as the whole line is to the greater segment, so is the greater to the lesser.”
“The golden ratio, also known as the, is a number often encountered when taking the ratios of distances in simple geometric figures such as the pentagon, pentagram, decagon and dodecahedron.”
Leonardo Da Vinci produced illustrations for a discourse published by Luca Pacioli in 1509 named “De Divina Proportione”, possibly the earliest reference in literature to another of its names, the “Divine Proportion.”
Who discovered golden ratio ?
Leonardo Fibonacci, an Italian born in 1175 AD discovered the series while studying the expansion of rabbits caused by reproduction. He ultimately came up with the series whose two consecutive terms ratio is equal to the golden ratio. However, Fibonacci never mentioned it anywhere which raises a doubt that he was unaware of the case that he discovered golden number.
Golden Ratio in Fibonacci Series